Does Not Seem to Matter in Health of Obese Seniors Age 75 and Older
even suggest there may be survival benefits associated with overweight,
mild obesity among the elderly
15, 2013 – Putting senior citizens age 75 and up – described as of
“advanced age” - on an overly restrictive diet to treat their excess
weight and other conditions appears to have little benefit, according to
researchers at Penn State and Geisinger Healthcare System.
diets high in sugar and fat may not affect the health outcomes of such
elderly people, the researchers say.
"Historically people thought of older persons as tiny and frail," said
Gordon Jensen, head of the Department of Nutritional Sciences at Penn
State, "but that paradigm has changed for many older persons.
“Currently, 30 percent or more may be overweight, and by 2030, almost 30
percent are projected to be obese, not just overweight. Recent reports
even suggest that there may be survival benefits associated with
overweight and mild obesity status among the elderly."
know that adverse dietary patterns, such as a Western diet containing
high amounts of fat or a diet containing high amounts of refined sugar,
both of which may contribute to obesity, are associated with adverse
medical conditions and health outcomes for many people, but until now,
the health effects of these types of poor diets have not been
characterized for people who live to 75 years of age and older," said
Pao Ying Hsao, postdoctoral fellow at Penn State.
team's research is part of a decades-long collaborative study between
Penn State and the Geisinger Healthcare System on the effects of
nutritional status and diet on the health of more than 20,000 older
people living in Pennsylvania. In the current study, the team followed
449 individuals for five years who were on average 76.5 years old at the
beginning of the study.
is one of the first studies to examine obesity-related health outcomes
and dietary patterns in such aged persons," Jensen said.
study baseline, the team assessed the participants' dietary patterns by
calling each of them by telephone four or five times during a 10-month
period and asking them about their diets over the previous 24 hours.
participants were categorized as adhering to one of three different
The "sweets and dairy" pattern was characterized by the largest
proportions of energy from baked goods, milk, sweetened coffee and tea
and dairy-based desserts, and the lowest intakes of poultry.
"health-conscious" pattern was characterized by relatively higher
intakes of pasta, noodles, rice, whole fruit, poultry, nuts, fish and
vegetables, and lower intakes of fried vegetables, processed meats and
The "Western" pattern was characterized by higher intakes of bread,
eggs, fats, fried vegetables, alcohol and soft drinks, and the lowest
intakes of milk and whole fruit.
outpatient electronic medical records, the researchers identified
whether the participants developed cardiovascular disease, diabetes
mellitus, hypertension (high blood pressure) and metabolic syndrome
during the five-year period.
found no relationship between dietary pattern and prevalence of
cardiovascular disease, diabetes, metabolic syndrome or mortality in the
participants; however, they did find an increased risk of hypertension
in people who followed the "sweets and dairy" pattern.
results appeared in this month's issue of the Journal of Nutrition
Health and Aging.
don't know if the participants had been following these dietary patterns
their entire adult lives, but we suspect they had been because people
don't usually change dietary practices all that much," Jensen said.
results suggest that if you live to be this old, then there may be
little to support the use of overly restrictive dietary prescriptions,
especially where food intake may already be inadequate. However, people
who live on prudent diets all their lives are likely to have better
United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service
funded this work.
authors on the paper include Diane Mitchell, researcher in nutritional
sciences at Penn State; Donna Coffman, research assistant professor of
health and human development at Penn State; Terryl Hartman, professor of
nutrition at Penn State; and G. Craig Wood and Christopher Still of
Geisinger Healthcare System.
Financial Relief for Volkswagen Diesel Owners
You may be eligible for money damages if you owned or leased one of these VW, Porsche or Audi vehicles.
In the major scandal of 2015, Volkswagen cheated you and the world. They rigged diesel emission controls so you, nor regulators, would know how much pollution their cars were adding to our environment.
They were caught and have reserved $7.3 billion to help "make it right" with victims.
If you owned or leased one of these vehicles, contact us now.
Janicek Law attorneys are actively pursuing these cases against VW. Do Not Wait...
Janicek Law Firm, PC
(Call toll free)
VW Jetta SportWagen (2009–2014)
VW Golf (2010-2015)
VW Golf SportWagen (2015)
VW Beetle (2012–2015)
VW Passat (2012-2015)
Audi A3 (2010-2015)
VW Touareg (2009–2016)
Porsche Cayenne (2015)
Audi A6, A7, A8, Q5 Quattro (2016)