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Nutrition, Vitamins & Supplements for Seniors

Women Reduce Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration With Fish, Omega-3 Fatty Acid

Women who ate the most fish did the best at reducing the risk of this leading cause of blindness in senior citizens

Photo: A woman having her eye examined.March 15, 2011 – The regular consumption of fish and omega-3 fatty acids found in fish is associated with a significantly reduced risk for women of developing age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss in senior citizens. The fish eaters – consuming mostly tuna – lowered their risk the most (42%).

"An estimated nine million U.S. adults aged 40 years and older show signs of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)," according to a report posted online March 14 that will appear in the June issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

"An additional 7.3 million persons have early age-related macular degeneration, which is usually associated with moderate or no vision loss but does increase the risk of progression to advanced age-related macular degeneration."


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May 11, 2009

Significant Vision Loss from Age-Related Macular Degeneration Reduced 41% by Vitamin B, Folic Acid

First means of reducing risk of AMD, leading cause of blindness in senior citizens, other than not smoking

Feb. 24, 2009

Eat Oily Fish at Least Once a Week to Protect Your Eyesight in Old Age

Consumption of oily fish at least once a week makes you 50% less likely to have wet AMD

Aug. 8, 2008

Age-Related Macular Degeneration Risk Lowered by Lutein and Zeaxanthin

Pigment found in spinach, egg yolk, corn protect the macula from blue light

Sept. 12, 2007

Omega-3 Protects Eyes from Retinopathy as in Major Causes of Blindness in Senior Citizens

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June 25, 2007

Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Fish, Vitamin D Fight Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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May 14, 2007

Pigments in Corn, Squash and other Vegetables Help Protect Against Age-Related Vision Loss

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August 14, 2006

Antioxidants and Zinc Reduce Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration Says New Report

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May 17, 2006

Antioxidants May Reduce Risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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Review Supports Vitamin E Dosage for Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Jan. 18, 2005

Read more on Nutrition, Vitamins & Supplements


Macular degeneration, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 60 and older. It is a disease that destroys the sharp, central vision. You need central vision to see objects clearly and to do tasks such as reading and driving, according to the National Eye Institute.

“AMD destroys central vision, which is used for critical tasks such as reading and driving. AMD affects the macula, the part of the eye that allows you to see fine detail. It does not hurt, but it causes cells in the macula to die,” the NEI says.

“In some cases, AMD advances so slowly that people notice little change in their vision. In others, the disease progresses faster and may lead to a loss of vision in both eyes. Regular comprehensive eye exams can detect macular degeneration before the disease causes vision loss. Treatment can slow vision loss. It does not restore vision.”

Using the Women's Health Study, William G. Christen, Sc.D., of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, and colleagues collected data on 38,022 women who had not been diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration.

Information on women's eating habits was obtained via questionnaire at the beginning of the study and included information on intake of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) - Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish -  and arachidonic acid and linoleic acid (omega-6 fatty acids).

The test results

During ten years of follow-up, additional questionnaires tracked the women's eye health, with specific focus on diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration.

Over the course of follow-up, 235 cases of age-related macular degeneration were reported.

In analyses that adjusted for age and treatment assignment, women who consumed the most DHA compared with women who consumed the lowest amount had a 38 percent lower risk of developing age-related macular degeneration.

Similar results were observed for higher intake of EPA and for higher consumption of both types of acid together.

Results for fish intake showed that consumption of one or more servings of fish per week, when compared to less than one per month, was associated with a 42 percent lower risk of age-related macular degeneration.

"This lower risk appeared to be due primarily to consumption of canned tuna fish and dark-meat fish."

For omega-6 fatty acids, higher intake of linoleic acid but not arachidonic acid was associated with an increased risk of age-related macular degeneration, however this association was non-significant after adjustment for other risk factors and fats.

"In summary, these prospective data from a large population of women with no prior diagnosis of AMD indicate that regular consumption of DHA and EPA and fish significantly reduced the risk of incident AMD," the authors conclude.

This study was supported by research grants from the National Institutes of Health.

More about AMD:

>> Age-Related Macular Degeneration - (National Eye Institute)

>> Facts about Age-Related Macular Degeneration - (National Eye Institute)

>> MedlinePlus for Seniors


Financial Relief for Volkswagen Diesel Owners

You may be eligible for money damages if you owned or leased one of these VW, Porsche or Audi vehicles.

In the major scandal of 2015, Volkswagen cheated you and the world. They rigged diesel emission controls so you, nor regulators, would know how much pollution their cars were adding to our environment.

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VW Beetle (2012–2015)

VW Passat (2012-2015)

Audi A3 (2010-2015)

VW Touareg (2009–2016)

Porsche Cayenne (2015)

Audi A6, A7, A8, Q5 Quattro (2016)


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