and Medicine for Seniors
Senior women happy with life less likely to suffer
Study focused on the possible effects of depression
and other factors on bone health
13, 2015 - Women aged 60-70 who are satisfied with their lives have a
higher bone density and they suffer less frequently from osteoporosis
than their unsatisfied peers, according to a recent study completed at
the University of Eastern Finland. The study focused on the possible
effects of depression and other factors on bone health.
Osteoporosis is a common disease, which easily leads to bone fracture,
and hip fractures in particular can have serious consequences. Bone
density gets lower as people age; however, for women, the menopause
constitutes a significant risk factor.
factors of osteoporosis include low levels of physical activity, light
body composition, smoking, low intake of calcium and vitamin D, as well
as some drugs and medical conditions. For instance, long-term stress
associated with depression can have detrimental effects on metabolism
and, in consequence, on bone health.
behavior of a depressed person may also increase the risk of
osteoporosis, as the person might smoke or exercise too little.
Half of all women and
a quarter of men older
than 50 will break a
bone due to
findings to help
treatment options for
Dec. 2, 2013
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Health & Medicine
well-being is an extensive indicator of mental health and depression in
particular, and in the now published study, life satisfaction was used
to measure subjective well-being. The goal was to find out whether life
satisfaction is also associated with bone health.
was obtained from the Kuopio Osteoporosis Risk Factor and Prevention (OSTPRE)
Study, which has been investigating the effects of various risk and
protective factors on bone density and bone fractures since 1989.
participants responded to mail surveys and took part in bone density
measurements. The present sub-study included 2,167 women who underwent
bone density measurements in 1999, and out of these women, 1,147 took
part in follow-up measurements ten years later, in 2009.
satisfaction was assessed by four questions relating to the study
participants' interest in and easiness of life, happiness, and
loneliness. Based on the answers, the study participants were divided
into three groups: the satisfied, the middle group, and the unsatisfied.
10-year follow-up, the bone density of all study participants weakened
by an average of 4%; however, the difference between the satisfied and
the unsatisfied was as much as 52%.
life satisfaction during the 10-year follow-up also affected bone
density. In persons whose life satisfaction deteriorated, the bone
density weakened by 85% in comparison to persons whose life satisfaction
life satisfaction is an important resource and an indicator of
well-being. Life satisfaction has been linked to health, and
dissatisfaction is a predictor of incapacity for work, illness and
mortality. According to this study, it is also associated with bone
health, as good life satisfaction diminishes age-induced osteoporosis.
researchers say that promoting good life satisfaction and good spirits
in the elderly is as important as promoting healthy lifestyle choices.
Individual factors maintaining and improving life satisfaction also have
beneficial effects on bone health.
constitutes part of the PhD project of researcher Päivi Rauma, MPharm,
focusing on the effects of depression, anti-depressants and life
satisfaction on bone health.
findings were published in