and Medicine for Seniors
Diabetes Appears to be Leveling Off in U.S.
Prevalence continues to increase for some subgroups,
like young adults; incidence rate up for Hispanic, black adults
23, 2014 The incidence and prevalence of diabetes, which doubled in
the U.S. from 1990-2008 appears to have leveled off between 2008 and
2012, according to a new study in JAMA. Prevalence continued to
increase at a significantly greater rate for young adults aged 20 to 44
years compared to older Americans. The incidence rate continued to
increase in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black adults.
Incidence rates also continued to increase at a
greater rate for the young adult group 20 to 44 - compared with those
aged 45 to 64 years, but not the senior group.
The earlier rapid increases have often been blamed
on the large increase in the senior citizen population the age group
where diabetes is most prevalent. The researchers speculate that the
recent slowing in diabetes cases may be due to a decrease in the rate of
obesity, according to their report in the September 24 issue of JAMA.
Diabetes Patients Have Heart Risk Other Than Cholesterol or
'It looks like diabetes may be slowly killing heart muscle in
ways we had not thought of before.'
Sept. 10, 2014
Diabetes Patients Cope with Positive Outlook, Social Support
Almost one out of every four senior citizens age 60 and over
has diabetes, more than half of all U.S. adults with diabetes are seniors
Getting Old is Challenge Enough!
Editor's Note: Getting old is
challenge enough but almost one in four senior citizens in the U.S. also
has to cope with the challenges of Type 2 diabetes. Learn more about
diabetes below - insert in news report.
Sept.9, 2014 - A positive outlook and support from people
around them help patients with diabetes cope with psychosocial challenges of the
disease, according to an international study that included researchers from
Penn State College of
Medicine. A better understanding of the emotional, psychological and
social challenges people with diabetes face could improve health outcomes.
Read the latest
Health & Medicine
Although there has been an increase in the
prevalence and incidence of diabetes in the United States in recent
decades, no studies have systematically examined long-term, national
trends of this disease, according to background information in the
Diabetes" below news story.)
Linda S. Geiss, M.A., of the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention, Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed 1980-2012 data
for 664,969 adults ages 20 to 79 years from the National Health
Interview Survey and determined the annual percentage change in rates of
the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed diabetes (type 1 and type 2
Demographic variables included age (grouped into
20-44, 45- 64, and 65-79 years of age), sex, race/ethnicity
(non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black,andHispanic),and educational
level (<high school, high school, and >high school). Race/ ethnicities
other than non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic were
included in total counts but not analyzed separately because of small
During 1980-2012, the trends in age-adjusted
prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in the overall population were similar
to those for age-adjusted incidence.
>> The prevalence per 100 persons was 3.5 in 1990,
7.9 in 2008, and 8.3 in 2012.
>> The incidence per 1,000 persons was 3.2 in 1990,
8.8 in 2008, and 7.1 in 2012.
>> Both prevalence and incidence increased sharply
during 1990-2008 (for prevalence, 4.5 percent, for incidence, 4.7
percent) before leveling off with no significant change during 2008-2012
(for prevalence, 0.6 percent, for incidence, -5-4 percent).
The researchers speculate that reasons for the
potential slowing of the increase in diabetes may include a slowing in
the rate of obesity, a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes.
Incidence and prevalence of diabetes ceased growing
or leveled off in many population subgroups. Incidence continued to
increase, however, in Hispanic and non-Hispanic black adults and
prevalence continued to grow among those with a high school education or
This threatens to exacerbate racial/ethnic and
socioeconomic disparities in diabetes prevalence and incidence.
Furthermore, in light of the well-known excess risk of amputation,
blindness, end-stage renal disease, disability, mortality, and health
care costs associated with diabetes, the doubling of diabetes incidence
and prevalence ensures that diabetes will remain a major public health
problem that demands effective prevention and management programs, the
About Diabetes (MedlinePlus)
Diabetes expected to increase in U.S. due to booming population
of senior citizens
Diabetes is a disease in which
your blood glucose, or
blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the
foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get
into your cells to give them energy.
type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With
type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not
make or use insulin well.
Without enough insulin, the
glucose stays in your blood. You can also have
prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than
normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having
prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2
Over time, having too much glucose
in your blood can cause
It can damage your
Diabetes can also cause
stroke and even the need to remove a limb. Pregnant women can
also get diabetes, called
A blood test can show if you have
diabetes. Exercise, weight control and sticking to your meal
plan can help control your diabetes. You should also monitor
your glucose level and take
Type 2 diabetes is more common in
older people, especially in people who are overweight, and
occurs more often in African Americans, American Indians, some
Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islander
Americans, and Hispanics/Latinos. National survey data in 2007
indicate a range in the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed
diabetes in various populations ages 20 years or older:
>> Age 60 years or older:
12.2 million, or 23.1 percent, of all people in this age group
>> Age 20 years or older:
23.5 million, or 10.7 percent, of all people in this age group
12.0 million, or 11.2 percent, of all men ages 20 years or older
11.5 million, or 10.2 percent, of all women ages 20 years or
older have diabetes.
>> Non-Hispanic whites:
14.9 million, or 9.8 percent, of
all non-Hispanic whites ages 20 years or older have diabetes.
>> Non-Hispanic blacks:
3.7 million, or 14.7 percent, of all non-Hispanic blacks ages 20
years or older have diabetes.
Diabetes to Increase with Aging
Diabetes prevalence in the United
States is likely to increase for several reasons. First, a large
segment of the population is aging.
National Institute of Diabetes and
Digestive and Kidney Diseases