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Health & Medicine for Senior Citizens

Study Shows Greater Efforts Needed to Convince Older People to Stop Smoking, Live Longer

Researchers find positive, life-saving results occur faster than assumed for seniors who quit smoking

Feb. 20, 2013 – German researchers are urging more emphasis on encouraging older people to stop smoking, after learning in a study of people age 50 to 74 that the positive results from smoking cessation occur in just a few months.

Professor Hermann Brenner and colleagues analyzed the data of 8.807 individuals aged between 50 and 74 years using data from the ESTHER Study, whose participants are from Saarland, a state of Germany.

They included individuals who had not suffered a heart attack or stroke prior to study start and whose health status had been surveyed for up to ten years afterwards. In their evaluation, the scientists also took account of the effects of other factors such as age, gender, alcohol consumption, education and physical exercise as well as blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol levels, body height and weight.

 

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Americans Have Worse Health Than People in Other Prosperous Countries Until They Pass Age 75

‘Americans are dying and suffering at rates that we know are unnecessary because people in other high-income countries are living longer lives and enjoying better health’ - Jan. 25, 2013

Big Decline in Heart Attacks, Cardiac Deaths in County After Smoke-Free Workplace Laws

Heart attacks drop by 33 percent, sudden cardiac deaths by 17 percent after protection from secondhand smoke; seniors should take note - Oct. 29, 2012

Links to More Archived Reports on Smoking Below Story


 
 

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"We were able to show that the risk of smokers for cardiovascular diseases is more than twice that of non-smokers. However, former smokers are affected at almost the same low rate as people of the same age who never smoked," says Brenner.

"Moreover, smokers are affected at a significantly younger age than individuals who have never smoked or have stopped smoking.

"For example, a 60-year-old smoker has the same risk of myocardial infarction as a 79-year-old non-smoker and the same risk of stroke as a 69-year-old non-smoker. Dose and duration of tobacco consumption also have an impact on disease risk. The more cigarettes a smoker consumes per day over a prolonged period of time, the higher his or her risk increases.

The study shows that the positive effect of smoking cessation becomes noticeable within a short period of time.

"Compared to individuals who continue smoking, the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke is reduced by more than 40 percent already within the first five years after the last cigarette," says Carolin Gellert, first author of the study.

The results suggest that smoking cessation programs, which have concentrated on younger participants up to now, should be expanded to reach out to older people as well.

Notes:

Carolin Gellert, Ben Schöttker, Heiko Müller, Bernd Holleczek, Hermann Brenner: Impact of smoking and quitting on cardiovascular outcomes and risk advancement periods among older adults. Eur J Epidemiol. 2013. doi: 10.1007/s10654-013-9776-0.

The German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) is the largest biomedical research institute in Germany.


Links to More Reports on Senior Citizens and Smoking

Smoking May Lead to Cataracts in Aging Population

Every individual that ever smoked cigarettes was associated with an increased risk of age-related cataract - Oct. 13, 2012

Senior Citizens, Boomers Destined for Cataracts if They Live Long Enough

Professionals urged seniors to take action during Cataract Awareness Month - New study finds risk of hip fractures significantly reduced in Medicare patients who had cataract surgery

Aug. 14, 2012

Seniors Increase Death Risk by Smoking But Can Still Live Longer by Quitting

'Many older smokers misbelieve that they are too old to quit or too old to benefit from quitting'

'If you have helped two smokers quit, you have saved (at least) one life'

June 11, 2012

Cigarette Smoking Causes More Rapid Cognitive Decline in Older Men, Not Women

Study shows smokers who quit 10 years or more do not show faster cognitive decline - Feb. 6, 2012

Longer Life Possible By Practicing One or More Health Lifestyle Behaviors, CDC Finds

Four keys to longevity - not smoking, eating well, regular exercise, limiting alcohol - Aug. 23, 2011

Senior Citizens Lead Nation in at Least One Important Health Statistic – Not Smoking

Seniors much less likely to smoke than younger people; smoking decline stalled; half of children exposed to secondhand smoke - Sept. 13, 2010

Smoking Before Menopause Increases Breast Cancer Risk, Post Menopause May Lower Risk

‘Never smoking and passive smoking in childhood or adulthood were not associated with an increase in breast cancer risk’ - Jan. 24, 2011

Older Women with Diabetes and Depression Have Twice the Risk of Death

Both problems linked to unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle

Jan. 3, 2011

 

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