Seniors With Medical, Psychological Stress Should Consider Yoga, Study Says
Yoga considered by many a tremendous tool for combating the concerns of an aging society
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about seniors and yoga by NIHSeniorHealth.gov
March 6, 2012 - Senior citizens - the age group most often dealing with stress-related psychological and medical
conditions may want to see if yoga offers relief. A new study says it is effective in treating patients with depression, anxiety, high blood
pressure and cardiac disease.
Their theory, which currently appears online in Medical Hypotheses, could be used to develop specific mind-body
practices for the prevention and treatment of these conditions in conjunction with standard treatments.
The article is by researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), New York Medical College (NYMC), and the
Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons (CCPS).
It is hypothesized that stress causes an imbalance in the autonomic nervous system (parasympathetic under-activity and
sympathetic over-activity) as well as under-activity of the inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma amino-butyric acid (GABA), according to the
Low GABA activity occurs in anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, epilepsy, and chronic pain.
According to the researchers, the hypothesis advanced in this paper could explain why vagal verve stimulation (VNS) works to decrease both
seizure frequency and the symptoms of depression.
"Western and Eastern medicine complement one another. Yoga is known to improve stress-related nervous system imbalances,"
said Chris Streeter, MD, associate professor of psychiatry at BUSM and Boston Medical Center, who is the study's lead author.
Streeter believes that "This paper provides a theory, based on neurophysiology and neuroanatomy, to understand how yoga
helps patients feel better by relieving symptoms in many common disorders."
Yoga for Seniors
Yoga is considered by many to be a tremendous tool for combating the concerns of an aging society, according to Yoga
for the 50+ by. Sara Kooperman and Lisa Ackerman for
Yoga can be used with this population to increase mobility and reduce many health concerns facing the elderly,
according to the article. Yoga has been shown to help alleviate or reduce many of these health challenges, making it an increasingly popular
exercise choice for our older adult population.
Earlier Study Compared Yoga to Walking
An earlier study by BUSM researchers comparing a walking group and a yoga group over a 12-week period found no increase
in GABA levels in the walking group, whereas the yoga group showed increased GABA levels and decreased anxiety.
In another BUSM 12-week study, patients with chronic low back pain responded to a yoga intervention with increased GABA
levels and significant reduction in pain compared to a group receiving standard care alone.
In crafting this neurophysiological theory of how yoga affects the nervous system, Streeter collaborated with Patricia
Gerbarg, MD, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at NYMC, Domenic A. Ciraulo, MD, chairman of psychiatry at BUSM, Robert Saper, MD MPH,
associate professor of family medicine at BUSM, and Richard P. Brown, MD, associate clinical professor of psychiatry at CCPS. They are
beginning test these theories by incorporating mind-body therapies such as yoga in their clinical studies of a wide range of stress-related
medical and psychological conditions.
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