SeniorJournal.com - Daily News for Senior Citizens

  FRONT PAGE • Aging • Health • Alzheimer's - Mental • Nutrition • Medicare & Medicaid • Politics  • Fitness  • Social Security • Alerts • Sex Health • Features • Retirement • Elder Care  >Search  >Senior Links

Aging & Longevity News

 
 

 

Aging & Longevity

Older People Who Cannot Distinguish Smells Likely to Die Before Those Who Can

After first test, 39 percent who failed died within five years

male senior citizenOct. 1, 2014 – Here is a smell test senior citizens don’t want to fail. Those who did the worst in this study of older people trying to identify scents died off the fastest. The researchers now say it may predict which older people are most at risk of dying.

A large nationally representative sample of men and women ages 57 to 85 were part of the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project (NSHAP). The researchers first surveyed 3,000 participants in 2005-06, assessing their ability to identify five distinct common odors, one at a time, from a set of four choices. The five odors, in order of increasing difficulty, were peppermint, fish, orange, rose and leather.

In 2010-11 the research team checked to see which participants were still living. During that five-year gap, 430 (12.5%) of the original 3005 study subjects had died, while 2,565 were still alive.

 

Related Archive Stories

 

 

Age-Related Smelling Loss Significantly Worse in African-Americans

Long known that men begin to lose sense of smell years sooner than women, but this is first study to point to racial or ethnic differences

June 13, 2013

Senior Citizens Lose Ability to Distinguish Between Odors: Can Be Dangerous

Smells blending together pose hazards from poor nutrition, dangerous chemicals, researchers find

Nov. 10, 2011


Read the latest news on

Aging

 

What caught their attention was that thirty-nine percent of the subjects who failed the smelling test in the first test had died before the second survey.

Their interest really peaked when they compared that death rate to the number of deaths in among those more successful in the test. They found that 19 percent of those with moderate smell loss had died and just 10 percent of those with a healthy sense of smell.

For those already at high risk, lacking a sense of smell more than doubled the probability of death, according to the report published today in the journal PLOS ONE by Jayant M. Pinto, MD, and colleagues from The University of Chicago.

When the researchers adjusted for demographic variables, such as age, gender, socioeconomic status (as measured by education or assets), overall health, and race, they concluded that those with greater smell loss when first tested were substantially more likely to have died five years later.

Precisely how smell loss contributes to mortality is unclear, but olfactory dysfunction was better at predicting mortality than a diagnosis of heart failure, cancer or lung disease. Only severe liver damage was a more powerful predictor of death.

"We think loss of the sense of smell is like the canary in the coal mine," said the study's lead author Pinto, who is associate professor of surgery at the University of Chicago.

"It doesn't directly cause death, but it's a harbinger, an early warning system, that something has already gone badly wrong, that damage has been done. Our findings could provide a useful clinical test, a quick and inexpensive way to identify patients most at risk."

Funding for the study was from The National Institutes of Health, including the National Institute on Aging, the Office of Women's Health Research, the Office of AIDS Research, and the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research. Support was also provided by the National Institute on Aging, the McHugh Otolaryngology Research Fund, the American Geriatrics Society, The Center on the Demography and Economics of Aging, a Mellon Foundation Social Sciences Dissertation-Year Fellowship, and the Institute of Translational Medicine at The University of Chicago.).

>> Original report

 

Financial Relief for Volkswagen Diesel Owners

You may be eligible for money damages if you owned or leased one of these VW, Porsche or Audi vehicles.

In the major scandal of 2015, Volkswagen cheated you and the world. They rigged diesel emission controls so you, nor regulators, would know how much pollution their cars were adding to our environment.

They were caught and have reserved $7.3 billion to help "make it right" with victims.

If you owned or leased one of these vehicles, contact us now.

 Beth Janicek, Board Certified Personal Injury Attorney Janicek Law attorneys are actively pursuing these cases against VW. Do Not Wait...

Janicek Law Firm, PC

Free Consultation

(Call toll free)

1-877-795-3425 or Email

Vehicles Involved

VW Jetta (2009–2015)

VW Jetta SportWagen (2009–2014)

VW Golf (2010-2015)

VW Golf SportWagen (2015)

VW Beetle (2012–2015)

VW Passat (2012-2015)

Audi A3 (2010-2015)

VW Touareg (2009–2016)

Porsche Cayenne (2015)

Audi A6, A7, A8, Q5 Quattro (2016)

 

Search for more about this topic on SeniorJournal.com

Google Web SeniorJournal.com

    

 

Published by New Tech Media - www.NewTechMedia.com

Other New Tech Media sites include CaroleSutherland.com, BethJanicek.com, SASeniors.com, DrugDanger.com, etc.