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Aging News & Information

Hearing Problems Make Senior Citizens More Introverted, Withdrawn

Study points to the importance of acknowledging and treating hearing loss among the elderly

March 31, 2014 – A study of senior citizens between the ages of 80 and 98 reports that impaired hearing causes some serious social problems. Old people have a natural tendency to become less outgoing as they age, but it they have hearing problems, this condition becomes even worse.

New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that this change in personality is amplified among people with impaired hearing. The findings, the researchers say, emphasize the importance of acknowledging and treating hearing loss in the elderly population.

They studied 400 individuals 80-98 years old over a six-year period. Every two years, the subjects were assessed in terms of physical and mental measures, as well as personality aspects such as extraversion, which reflects the inclination to be outgoing, and emotional stability.

 

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The results show that even if the emotional stability remained constant over the period, the participants became less outgoing.

Interestingly, the researchers were not able to connect the observed changes to physical and cognitive impairments or to age-related difficulties in finding social activities. The only factor that could be linked to reduced extraversion was hearing loss.

‘To our knowledge, this is the first time a link between hearing and personality changes has been established in longitudinal studies,” says Anne Ingeborg Berg, PhD, licensed psychologist and researcher at the Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg.

“Surprisingly, we did not find that declining overall health and functional capacity make people less outgoing. But hearing loss directly affects the quality of social situations. If the perceived quality of social interaction goes down, it may eventually affect whether and how we relate to others,’

The study yields interesting knowledge about personality development late in life, and also points to the importance of acknowledging and treating hearing loss among the elderly.

The utilization of hearing aids did not affect the correlation found, which suggests that there is a need for support in the use of aids such as hearing devices.

“Our previous studies have shown that outgoing individuals are happier with their lives. It is hypothesized that an outgoing personality reflects a positive approach to life, but it also probably shows how important it is for most people to share both joy and sadness with others,” says Berg.

“Even if we can’t conclude anything about causal relationships, we can guess that the link between hearing loss and social withdrawal forms a potential threat to older people’s wellbeing.”

The study, conducted by Anne Ingeborg Berg and Boo Johansson from the ADA - Gero Group, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, was published in the February 2014 issue of the Journal of Personality.
 

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