- Daily News for Senior Citizens

  FRONT PAGE Aging • Health • Alzheimer's - Mental • Nutrition • Medicare & Medicaid Politics  • Fitness  • Social Security • Alerts • Sex Health • Features • Retirement  Elder Care  >Search  >Senior Links

Senior Journal: Today's News and Information for Senior Citizens & Baby Boomers

More Senior Citizen News and Information Than Any Other Source -

• Go to more on Aging News & Information or More Senior News on the Front Page


E-mail this page to a friend!


Aging News & Information

Senior Medicare Patients Lower Risk of Hip Fracture with Cataract Surgery

Cataracts most common cause of fractures due to visual impairment; cataracts cause 49% of neck fractures related to poor vision - Video features cataract surgery on 95-year-old retired professor, Melvin Seeman

July 31, 2012 - Medicare patients 65 years and older - senior citizens - who underwent cataract surgery had a lower odds of hip fracture one year after the procedure, when compared with patients with cataract who did not have cataract surgery, according to a study in the August issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Visual impairment has been found to be strongly associated with an increased risk of fractures, a significant cause of illness and death in the elderly population. “Specifically, vision plays an important role in providing a reference frame for postural balance and stability, and cataract-induced changes in vision have been found to be associated with postural instability,” according to background information in the article.


Related Archive Stories



Falls Too Often Fatal for Senior Citizens; Tips Offered to Prevent Falls

Falling is the leading cause of injury-related deaths among older Americans. - April 27, 2012

Exercising to Piano Music Appears to Help Reduce Falls Among Senior Citizens

Program may help fall prevention and rehabilitation in community-based setting such as senior centers - Nov. 23, 2010

Even Short Falls Can Be Deadly For Senior Citizens Age 70 and Older

These elderly people are three times as likely to die following low-level falls - Nov. 1, 2010

See Links to more news on falls below this news report.

Read the latest news on



“Furthermore, cataracts have been found to be the most common cause of fracture-related visual impairment, with untreated cataract causing up to 49 percent of visual impairment in patients with femoral neck fractures related to decreased vision.”

Despite the association of poor vision and cataracts with increased fall and fracture risk, only a limited number of studies have examined the influence of cataract surgery on fall incidence in visually impaired adults.

Victoria L. Tseng, M.D., of the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, R.I., and colleagues examined the association between cataract surgery and fracture incidence at 1-year. The study included a 5 percent random sample of Medicare Part B beneficiaries with cataract who received and did not receive cataract surgery from 2002 through 2009. Analyses were adjusted for various factors.

There were 1,113,640 Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older with a diagnosis of cataract between 2002 and 2009 in the 5 percent random sample.

Of these patients, the majority were female (60 percent) and white (88 percent).

Of patients with cataract, 410,809 (36.9 percent) underwent cataract surgery during the study period. During this period, the overall 1-year fracture incidence was 1.3 percent (n = 13,976) for hip fractures.

Analysis of the data indicated that cataract surgery was associated with a 16 percent decrease in the adjusted odds of hip fracture one year after the procedure.

“In patients with severe cataract, the association between cataract surgery and lower odds of hip fracture was even stronger, with a 23 percent reduction in the adjusted odds of hip fracture in the cataract surgery group compared with the cataract diagnosis group,” the authors write.

Osteoporosis was the most common fracture-related co-existing illness (12.1%). The most common ocular comorbidity was glaucoma (19.1%).

“Cataract surgery may be associated with lower odds of subsequent fracture in patients aged 65 years and older in the U.S. Medicare population. Future prospective studies using standardized registries of patients with cataracts will help further elucidate the association between cataract surgery and fracture risk," the researchers write in their conclusion.

"Cataract surgery has already been demonstrated to be a cost-effective intervention for visual improvement, with an estimated cost per quality-adjusted life-year gained for cataract surgery in the first eye of $2,023 in the United States and $2,727 in the second eye.

"The results in this study suggest the need for further investigation of the additional potential benefit of cataract surgery as a cost-effective intervention to decrease the incidence of fractures in the elderly.”

The study was supported by the Center for Eye Epidemiology, Jules Stein Eye Institute.

More Archived Reports on Senior Citizens and Risk of Falls

Failing to Take Medications Regularly as Prescribed Increases Falls by Senior Citizens

Health care providers should discuss this subject with their patients

May 19, 2010

Osteoporosis Drug, Forteo, Appears to Heal Common Injury to Senior Citizens From Falls

Newly approved drug improves healing after rotator cuff surgery; common problem for falling seniors and young athletes

March 10, 2010

Elderly Women Right Up There with Young Male Athletes in a Risk of Shoulder Dislocation

New reports has more evidence of the serious consequences of falls by senior citizens – women in particular

March 1, 2010

Falls by Senior Citizens Caused by Poor Central and Side Vision, Study Finds

Recommends advising patients 60 and older, even with normal vision, on their increased fall risk and need to take extra precautions

Feb. 1, 2010

Fractures that Plague Senior Citizens Can be Reduced by Taking Calcium with Vitamin D

Large study supports growing consensus that combined calcium and vitamin D is more effective than vitamin D alone in reducing fractures

Jan. 14, 2010

Severe, Chronic Pain in Multiple Areas Found to Increase Risk of Falls in Senior Citizens

‘Controlled trial is needed to determine whether improved pain control could reduce risk for falls among older patients with chronic pain’

Nov. 30, 2009

Antidepressants and Sedatives Associated With Risk of Falls for Older Americans

Over 30% of senior citizens (older than 65) will fall at least once a year; falls are the fifth-leading cause of death in the developed world

Nov. 23, 2009

Senate Says First Day of Fall Should Highlight Prevention of Falls for U.S. Senior Citizens

Senate Resolution targets preventing the leading cause of injuries for those 65 and older

Sept. 23, 2009

Senior Citizens Being Urged to Choose and Use Walkers and Canes Carefully

Proper fit and use may prevent some of the 47,000 annual ER visits by elderly who fall

July 14, 2009

Injuries Related to Walking Canes, Walkers are Sending 47,000 Senior Citizens a Year to ERs

Fractures most common injury for these falls; one in three injuries required hospitalization

June 30, 2009

When Seniors Lose Interest in Going Out, the Motor Skills that Took Them Decline Rapidly

One-point decrease on social activity scale was equivalent to being approximately five years older at the start of the study - risk of death, disability jump

June 22, 2009

Inner Ear Balance Disorders Come with Age; Major Cause of Falls by Senior Citizens

Vestibular disorders are most common cause of dizziness in older people, responsible for 50% of dizziness in elderly.

May 26, 2009

Senior Citizens ‘Inoculated’ Against Falling in Successful Research Project

Shows how brain develops fall prevention strategies that can be generalized to variety of conditions

Feb. 4, 2009

Physical and Cognitive Declines Increase with Age Due to Slow Decay of Nerve Insulation

Myelin breakdown is a process of aging underlying the erosion of physical skills and cognitive ability

Oct. 19, 2008

Sen. Mikulski Wins Again in Fight Against Senior Falls: Senate Adopts Awareness Day

National Falls Prevention Awareness Day was approved by Senate for September 22

Sept. 23, 2008

Elderly Women Increase Their Risk of Falling with Less Than Five Hours Sleep

About one-third of adults older than age 65 experience falls each year

Sept. 8, 2008

iShoe by MIT Student May Save Thousands of Senior Citizens from Deadly Falls

Future versions could help correct problems by providing sensory stimulation to the feet when the wearer is off-kilter

August 1, 2008

Senior Citizens Learning to Fall Like a Skydiver Can Reduce Hip Fractures by 70 Percent

Parachutist's landing best reduces hip impact whether you jumped from an airplane or tripped on a curb

July 7, 2008

Nearly 8,000 Senior Citizens Die from Traumatic Brain Injuries Following Falls

TBIs maybe missed or misdiagnosed among older adults but 56,000 hospitalized in 2005

July 2, 2008

Senior Citizens Having Problems with Balance, Walking Can Blame Their Brain

People with severe white matter changes were twice as likely to score poorly on the walking and balance tests

March 17, 2008

Risk of Falling Is Overlooked as the Major Cause of Fractures in the Elderly

Evidence says fall prevention can reduce falls by up to 50%

Jan. 18, 2008

Exercise Does Help Senior Citizens Improve Balance Says Data from 34 Studies

Rising from a chair and standing on one leg is enough to help

Oct. 17, 2007

Senior Citizens Improve Mobility Better With Balance Training than Tai Chi

Both reduce falls, more improvement from balance, stepping and mobility

December 11, 2006

Senior Citizens Gain Health, Independence, Balance with Exercise

Goal of study is prevention - keeping people out of nursing homes - Nov. 22, 2006


Search for more about this topic on

Google Web

Keep up with the latest news for senior citizens, baby boomers

Click to More Senior News on the Front Page




Published by New Tech Media -

Other New Tech Media sites include,,,, etc.